▪️If a person *unintentionally swallows something stuck between his teeth, or if it is so small he could not tell it was there or spit it out,* this counts as being part of his saliva and does not break his fast.
_ _
But if it is big enough to spit out: if he spits it out, this is OK, *but if he swallows it, this breaks his fast.*
_ _
If it dilutes in the mouth, wholly or partly, and it has an added taste, it is haraam for him to chew it. If any of this substance reaches the throat, this breaks the fast.

▪️If a person spits out water after rinsing his mouth, his fast is not affected by any wetness left behind, because he cannot help it.

▪️If a person suffers from a nosebleed, his fast is still valid, because it is something beyond his control.
(Fataawa al-Lajnah al-Daa’imah, 10/264).

▪️If he has gum ulcers or his gums bleed after using the siwaak, it is not permissible for him to swallow the blood; *he has to spit it out.* But if some blood enters his throat by accident, and he did not mean for that to happen, there is no need to worry. Similarly, *if vomit rises in his throat then goes back to his stomach* without him intending for this to happen, his fast is still valid.
(Fataawa al-Lajnah al-Daa’imah, 10/254).

▪️With regard to mucus coming from the head (nose and sinuses) and phlegm coming from the chest by coughing and clearing the throat, *if swallowed before it reaches the mouth,* it does not break the fast, because it is a problem which all people have; *but if it is swallowed after it reaches the mouth*, this breaks the fast.
However, *if it is swallowed unintentionally,* it does not break the fast.

▪️Inhaling water vapours, as may happen to people working in desalination plants, does not break the fast.
(Fataawa al-Lajnah al-Daa’imah, 10/276).

*▪️It is disliked (makrooh) to taste food unnecessarily,* because this has the risk that the fast may be broken. *Examples of cases where it is necessary to taste food include* _a mother chewing food for an infant when she has no other way to feed him, tasting food to make sure that it is OK, and tasting something when making a purchase._
It was reported that Ibn ‘Abbaas said: _“There is nothing wrong with tasting vinegar or anything that one wishes to buy.”_
(Classed as hasan in Irwa’ al-Ghaleel, 4/86; See al-Fath, commentary on Baab Ightisaal al-Saa’im, Kitaab al-Siyaam)

*▪️Using siwaak is Sunnah for the one who is fasting at all times of the day, even if it is wet*. If a one who is fasting uses a siwaak and detects some heat or other taste from it and swallows it, or if he takes the siwaak out of his mouth and sees saliva on it then puts it back in his mouth and swallows the saliva, this does not break his fast.
(al-Fataawa al-Sa’diyyah, 245).
_ _
He should avoid any substance that can be diluted, such as the green siwaak, or siwaak that has any extra flavour added to it, like lemon or mint.
_ _
He should spit out any small pieces that come off the siwaak in his mouth; he should not swallow them deliberately, but if he swallows them accidentally, there is no harm done.

▪️If a fasting person is injured or suffers a nosebleed, or gets water or petrol in his mouth by accident, this does not break his fast. If he gets dust, smoke or flies in his mouth by accident, this does not break his fast either.
_ _
Things that one cannot avoid swallowing, like one’s saliva, or dust from grinding flour, do not break the fast.
_ _
If a person gathers a lot of saliva in his mouth then swallows it on purpose, this does not break the fast, according to the most correct opinion.
(Al-Mughni by Ibn Qudaamah, 3/106).
_To be continued ان شاء الله…_
May Allaah (ﷻ) have mercy on us and guide us through the straight path.
*آمين يا رب العالمين*


Edited from “70 Matters Related to Fasting” by Sheikh Muhammad Salih Al Munajjid

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